“People living in modern time do not make free choice. They are forcibly made to do free choice.” said Nicholas Rouse, a UK social researcher.
Perhaps, he might say about disadvantages of democracy. In the free society, I have the right to vote for; in other part there must be a thing to influence for the choice.
In a few days later, Mongolians will responsibly elect their Head of State. A winner of the election shall exercise the right to appoint judges of the State Supreme Court, assign a Head of the Independent Authority Against Corruption, represent the state with full powers in foreign relations, be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and head the National Security Council of Mongolia. Four years ago, presidential candidates were Ts. Elbegdorj from the Democratic Party (DP), B. Bat-Erdene from the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) and N. Udval from the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP). This year, the candidates are Kh. Battulga from the DP, M. Enkhbold from the MPP and S. Ganbaatar from the MPRP.
MPP is a ruling party that controls over now all stages of state representation institutions from local administrative units to the government. This is one of the advantages for MPP. According to a review of results of presidential elections in other countries, it is observed that electors give fewer votes for a candidate from the political party in which current President from same party holds power for eight years. For example, businessman Donald J. Trump won the US Presidential Election defeating Hillary Clinton of a Democratic Party candidate to succeed Barack Obama who headed the USA for eight years. In other words, an attitude is noticed that people get bored of a candidate from the political party in which current President is from that same party. In this theory or probability, an advantage goes to the MPP. But it does not need to become relieved.
Because a candidate of the DP, Kh. Battulga plays in silent as same as quietly acquiring the right to get nominated for the presidential election. He is greatly respected by the public through sport namely judo and he has own ‘army’ (team) who stands on him like a wall. Also, Battulga is the one who possesses the hearth of patriotic young people through his nationalism. For the MPRP, S. Ganbaatar was placed in a version ‘B”. In other words, Ganbaatar replaces MPRP Chairman N. Enkhbayar who has not been allowed to stand by the election commission because of registration irregularities and his conviction for graft. Thus, Ganbaatar was officially nominated for the presidential race. Looking at these scenes above, it attracts much interest of who will win in the race.
One year ago, MPP won the parliament election gaining absolute victory and formed its government cabinet in which M. Enkhbold rejected to become a Prime Minister of Government. From that time a suspicion has arisen that Enkhbold is going to compete in presidential race. Generally, a ruling party chairman should automatically head the Government, MP L. Oyun-Erdene said at the inauguration of newly-formed parliament. Enkhbold provided his preparation for a full year avoiding tongues wag and keeping away of tossing off. He has not been involved in any gossip and scandals if excluding a horse race organized in spring by ignoring court decision. However, a ‘Black PR’ was spread as calling him ‘a land dealer’ and ‘Chinese hybrid’; this rumor was in silence over the past one year.
Enkhbold’s presidential campaign slogan is ‘Harmonious Mongolia & Auspicious State’ as similar to a MPRP’s motto raised in the 2004 parliament election campaign. “My opponent is both crisis and split. Today’s priority is doing better than speaking and overcoming the crisis difficulties. Let’s strive all together for Harmonious Mongolia & Auspicious State, said Mr. Enkhbold at an inauguration of his presidential campaign.
Candidate Kh. Battulga appealed “We will win in this election; Mongolians and Mongolia will win”. This word expresses nationalism with no hiding. If he could win his two opponents, the southern neighbor would be undoubtedly determined as the biggest threatener to the national security of Mongolia. At an inauguration of his presidential campaign, Battulga said “I swear again before all of you that I will do my entire utmost disregarding my exhaustion for creating powerful Mongolia by being a close companion and envoy of the people with being in depth of lives of the people, respecting their opinion and desire. United Mongolia will win”.
MPRP candidate S. Ganbaatar launched his presidential campaign as saying “We have a heart beating for Mongolia, a plan and another development gateway. Trust us. Mongolian people will unite and stand against MPP and DP gaining freedom. Stair is swept from the top but not from the bottom. Let’s all together sweep away from the top awful corruption and offshore that are facing Mongolia. Ganbaatar has been nicknamed as “Standing” because he made speeches at the parliament meetings in standing position for full four years. Instead of developing policy issues, he always chooses topics that are attracting much attention of public.
This action is likely to be populism nature. Therefore, he has lost people’s faith on him.
It is interesting that whom people will give vote and trust to those three candidates who battle-tested in politics with winning and losing. The three candidates are not fresh in the political life and they are old choices. Political parties gave people no choice to vote for other someone better than these three candidates.
I would like to mention again that Mongolians is responsibly going to elect their President in a few days. Not less people consider that there have been no choices that can hold this responsibility. Attendance of parliament election last year was 72 percent. Is it appropriate choice for not giving a vote? Is 30 percent a “minority” to be ignored? Truly, disrespect of minority is disregard of democratic value and human rights. In this election, political parties gave the people an obtrusion to vote for one of the three including nationalism, populism and feudalism.